What is Phishing? Type of phishing scams

Phishing is a type of cybercrime where scammers try to steal sensitive information, such as login credentials or credit card numbers, by posing as a trustworthy entity in electronic communication. Phishing scams are typically carried out via email, text message, or phone call and often involve tricking the recipient into clicking on a link or opening an attachment that directs them to a fake website designed to look like a legitimate one. Once on the fake website, the victim is prompted to enter their sensitive information, which is then captured by the attacker.

There are several types of phishing scams, some of the common ones include:

  1. Deceptive phishing: In this type of phishing, the attacker impersonates a legitimate organization or person and sends an email that appears to be from that entity, asking the victim to click on a link or provide sensitive information.
  2. Spear phishing: This type of phishing is targeted at a specific individual or group of individuals, usually with a personalized message that appears to be from someone they know or trust.
  3. Whaling: Whaling is a type of spear phishing that specifically targets high-profile individuals, such as CEOs or executives, in an attempt to steal sensitive information or gain access to corporate accounts.
  4. Smishing: Smishing is a type of phishing that is conducted via text message, in which the attacker tries to trick the victim into clicking on a link or providing sensitive information.
  5. Vishing: Vishing is a type of phishing that is conducted over the phone, in which the attacker poses as a legitimate organization or person and tries to trick the victim into providing sensitive information.
  6. Clone phishing: Clone phishing is a type of phishing in which the attacker creates a nearly identical copy of a legitimate email, but with a malicious link or attachment.

These are just a few examples of the many types of phishing scams that exist. It’s important to stay vigilant and be cautious when receiving any unsolicited messages or emails, especially if they ask for personal or sensitive information.

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